The Endangered Species Act.

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The Endangered Species Act.

The Act was originated in 1973, and is one of many US environmental laws passed in the 1970’s. The law protects species from extinction. The United States Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration help to administer the act.
It was amended in 1978 to add economic considerations and again in 1982 which prevented economic considerations.
To be considered for listing, the species must meet one of five criteria (section 4(a)(1)):
1. There is the present or threatened destruction, modification, or curtailment of its habitat or range.
2.  An over utilization for commercial, recreational, scientific, or educational purposes.
3. The species is declining due to disease or predation.
4. There is an inadequacy of existing regulatory mechanisms.
5. There are other natural or manmade factors affecting its continued existence.

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Word Lists:

Predation : the preying of one animal on others

Utilization : the action of making practical and effective use of something

Recreational : relating to or denoting activity done for enjoyment when one is not working

Inadequacy : the state or quality of being inadequate; lack of the quantity or quality required

Habitat : the natural home or environment of an animal, plant, or other organism

Regulatory : serving or intended to regulate something

Extinction : the fact or process of a species, family, or other group of animals or plants becoming extinct

Mechanism : a system of parts working together in a machine; a piece of machinery

Affecting : touching the emotions; moving

Modification : the action of modifying something


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Rating: C

Words: 127

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