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Course: Lumos StepUp - PARCC Online Practice And Assessments - Grade 8 ELA

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Read the Passage and answer the question.

Stephen and Joseph Montgolfier were papermakers, but they had been interested in flying for many years. One night, in 1782, Joseph noticed something that gave him an idea. He was sitting in front of the fire when he saw some small pieces of scorched paper being carried up the chimney.
Soon afterward, the brothers conducted an experiment. They lit a fire under a small silk bag, which was open at the bottom; at once, the bag rose to the ceiling. After this, Stephen and Joseph conducted many more experiments, both indoors and in the open air. Eventually, they built a huge balloon of linen and paper. On June 5th, 1783, they launched their balloon in the village of Annonay.
Which specific detail in the above passage describes the first experiment the brothers did?

A

Stephen and Joseph Montgolfier were papermakers, but they had been interested in flying for many years.

B

He was sitting in front of the fire when he saw some small pieces of scorched paper being carried up the chimney.

C

After this, Stephen and Joseph conducted many more experiments, both indoors and in the open air.

D

They lit a fire under a small silk bag, which was open at the bottom; at once, the bag rose to the ceiling.

Standard: RI.8.1

Domain: Reading: Informational Text

Theme: Key Ideas and Details

Description: Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

Read the Passage and answer the question.

Archaeology is the study of past human life and culture through systematically examining and interpreting the material remains left behind. These material remains include archaeological sites (e.g. settlements, building features, graves), as well as cultural materials or artifacts such as tools and pottery. Through the interpretation and classification of archaeological materials, archaeologists work to understand past human behavior. In some countries, archaeology is often historical or art historical, with a strong emphasis on Culture history, archaeological sites, and artifacts such as art objects. In the New World, archaeology can be either a part of history and classical studies or anthropology.

The exact origins of archaeology as a discipline are uncertain. Excavations of ancient monuments and the collection of antiquities have been taking place for thousands of years. It was only in the 19th century, however, that the systematic study of the past through its physical remains began to be carried out in a manner recognizable to modern students of archaeology.

What specific detail in the passage tells the reader that archaeology could be considered as a part of history?

A

In the New World, archaeology can be either a part of history and classical studies or anthropology.

B

Archaeology is the study of past human life and culture through systematically examining the material remains left behind.

C

The exact origins of archaeology as a discipline are uncertain.

D

Excavations of ancient monuments and the collection of antiquities have been taking place for thousands of years.

Standard: RI.8.1

Domain: Reading: Informational Text

Theme: Key Ideas and Details

Description: Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

It had been a year since Lauren had seen Bailey. Bailey's family had moved to Qatar leaving Lauren to face the world without her best friend. Anxiously, Lauren waited at the arrival gate hoping to glimpse a peek at her childhood friend. She knew after eleven hours in the air, Bailey would be exhausted, but she could hardly wait to catch up. Moments later, the doors to the gate flung open, and there she was, her best friend, Bailey.

Once home, the hours passed like minutes as the girls laughed and giggled sharing moments from the last year. It felt as if they had never been apart. But Lauren felt like Bailey was holding something back.

What details in the passage supports that Bailey flew home to visit Lauren?

A

She knew after eleven hours in the air, Bailey would be exhausted, but she could hardly wait to catch up.

B

Anxiously, Lauren waited at the arrival gate hoping to glimpse a peek at her childhood friend.

C

Moments later, the doors to the gate flung open and there she was, her best friend, Bailey.

D

all of the above

Standard: RL.8.1

Domain: Reading: Literature

Theme: Key Ideas and Details

Description: Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

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