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Course: Lumos StepUp - PARCC Online Practice And Assessments - Grade 4 ELA

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Read the passage and answer the question.

The blue whale is quite an extraordinary creature. To begin with, it is a mammal that lives its entire life in the ocean. The size of its body is amazing. This whale can grow up to 98 feet long and weigh as much as 200 tons, making it the largest known animal to have ever existed. Its body is long and elegantly tapered, unlike other whales which have a rounder, stockier build. Their build, along with their extreme size, gives them a unique appearance and the ability to move more gracefully and at greater speeds than one might imagine. They can reach speeds up to 31 mph for short periods of time. Their normal traveling speed is around 12 mph, but they slow to 3.1 mph when feeding. Although they are extremely large animals, they eat small shrimp-like creatures called krill. Since the krill are so small, the blue whale eats about four tons daily as they swim deep in the ocean.

Unlike other whales that live in small, close-knit groups called pods, blue whales live and travel alone or with one other whale. While traveling through the ocean, they surface to breathe air into their lungs through blowholes. They emerge from the ocean, spewing water out of their blowhole, roll, and reenter the water with a grand splash of their large tail. They make loud, deep, and rumbling low frequency sounds that travel great distances, which allow them to communicate with other whales as far as 100 miles away. Their cries can be felt as much as heard. Their resonating call makes them the loudest animal on Earth. If you ever have the opportunity to see or hear a blue whale, it will be an experience you will not soon forget.

Which of the following is the BEST paraphrase of the first paragraph?

A

The blue whale is the largest creature to ever exist on earth, weighing up to 200 tons and measuring up to 98 feet. They are long, tapered creatures that travel at 12 mph normally, 3.1 mph when feeding, and can reach 31 mph. They eat about four tons of krill daily.

B

The blue whale is very large and long. He can travel at great speeds. He can go up to 31 mph. He eats a lot of krill each day. He eats as much as four tons each day. They are long and tapered. They are amazing.

C

The blue whale is an extraordinary animal. Its size is amazing. It is long and tapered. It can swim fast. It usually swims at 12 mph. It swims at 3.1 mph while eating. It eats four tons of krill a day.

D

The blue whale is an amazing animal. It is extremely large. It can also swim fast, as much as 31 mph. It eats krill. It is long and slender. It is not round and stocky like other whales.

Standard: W.4.8

Domain: Writing

Theme: Research to Build and Present Knowledge

Description: Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; take notes and categorize information, and provide a list of sources.

Read the passage and answer the question.

The blue whale is quite an extraordinary creature. To begin with, it is a mammal that lives its entire life in the ocean. The size of its body is amazing. This whale can grow up to 98 feet long and weigh as much as 200 tons, making it the largest known animal to have ever existed. Its body is long and elegantly tapered, unlike other whales which have a rounder, stockier build. Their build, along with their extreme size, gives them a unique appearance and the ability to move more gracefully and at greater speeds than one might imagine. They can reach speeds up to 31 mph for short periods of time. Their normal traveling speed is around 12 mph, but they slow to 3.1 mph when feeding. Although they are extremely large animals, they eat small shrimp-like creatures called krill. Since the krill are so small, the blue whale eats about four tons daily as they swim deep in the ocean.

Unlike other whales that live in small, close-knit groups called pods, blue whales live and travel alone or with one other whale. While traveling through the ocean, they surface to breathe air into their lungs through blowholes. They emerge from the ocean, spewing water out of their blowhole, roll, and reenter the water with a grand splash of their large tail. They make loud, deep, and rumbling low frequency sounds that travel great distances, which allow them to communicate with other whales as far as 100 miles away. Their cries can be felt as much as heard. Their resonating call makes them the loudest animal on Earth. If you ever have the opportunity to see or hear a blue whale, it will be an experience you will not soon forget.

What is the best way to paraphrase the information in paragraph 2 about the blue whale’s sound?

A

Their sound is loud, deep, rumbling, and low frequency, and the sound travels as much as 100 miles away.

B

Their low frequency sound is deep and rumbling, allowing it to be heard up to 100 miles away.

C

Their loud and rumbling voice can be heard up to 100 miles away.

D

Their low frequency and rumbling sound travels up to 100 miles away and can be felt as well as heard, making them the loudest animals on Earth.

Standard: W.4.8

Domain: Writing

Theme: Research to Build and Present Knowledge

Description: Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; take notes and categorize information, and provide a list of sources.

Cleopatra ruled Egypt more than 2,000 years ago. Much is known about the powerful queen, but a mystery remains. Where was she buried?

Choose an appropriate paraphrase for the above passage.

A

Cleopatra ruled Egypt more than 2,000 years ago. Much is known about the powerful queen. But a mystery remains: where was she buried?

B

It is not known where Cleopatra, a powerful queen from Egypt from more than 2,000 years ago, was buried.

C

We don't know where Cleopatra is buried.

D

There is a mystery surrounding Cleopatra about where she might be buried.

Standard: W.4.8

Domain: Writing

Theme: Research to Build and Present Knowledge

Description: Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; take notes and categorize information, and provide a list of sources.

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