The Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium (SBAC) is a standardized test that includes a variety of new technology-enhanced questions.

Some of them are Multiple choice-single correct responses, Multiple choice-multiple correct responses, Matching Tables, Drag and Drop, Hot text, Table Fill in, Graphing, Equation/numeric, Extended constructed response, Short answer, and many more.

This page contains several sample questions along with practice test links for Grade 10 ELA that gives you an idea of questions that your students are likely to see on the test. After each sample question, an answer explanation follows. The explanation includes essential aspects of the task that you may need to consider for the skills, processes, and information your students need to know.

Domain: Grade 10 >> Reading: Literature

Sample Question: A denotative definition:

  1. is a definition that evokes how the word makes you feel.
  2. is the literal definition of a word.
  3. cannot be found in the dictionary.
  4. is another word for a synonym.

Answer Explanation: The correct answer is b. Denotive is the literal, or exact meaning of a word without any shades of meaning.

Standards: RL.9-10.4

Click here to practice: Reading: Literature Questions on Grade 10 ELA

Domain: Grade 10 >> Language

Sample Question: Complete the analogy. Gasoline is to tank as money is to

  1. store
  2. mattress
  3. silo
  4. vault

Answer Explanation: A because gasoline is stored in a tank just as money is stored in a vault.

Standards: L.9-10.3

Click here to practice: Grade 10 Language Questions

Domain: Grade 10 >> Reading: Informational Text

Sample Question: Which of the following sentences about summarizing is true?

  1. Summarizing teaches the students to isolate what is important.
  2. Summarizing is retelling.
  3. Summarizing helps the student to demonstrate an understanding of the text.
  4. All of the above.

Answer Explanation: The answer is d because those are all the reasons we summarize.

Standards: RI.9-10.2

Click here to practice: Grade 10 ELA Reading: Informational Text Questions

Domain: Grade 10 >> Writing

Sample Question: The correct order for a traditional story is

  1. Exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution
  2. Rising action, exposition, falling action, climax, and resolution
  3. Exposition, rising action, resolution, climax, and falling action
  4. Climax, rising action, falling action, climax, resolution

Answer Explanation:The correct answer is a because first you set up the story with background information (exposition), then the action rises until the climax when it begins to fall and then you have the resolution or how the climax is fixed

Standards: W.9-10.3

Click here to practice: Writing Questions for Grade 10 ELA

Domain: Grade 10 >> Speaking & Listening

Sample Question: Andrea is writing a report on climate change and finds several possible resources. Choose the resource that is likely to be the least biased.

  1. A social media post by a climate change activist
  2. An article by the National Science Foundation
  3. A website sponsored by climate change skeptics
  4. An encyclopedia published in 1989

Answer Explanation: C because the National Science Foundation is most likely to publish a balanced article using facts and evidence to report information. A resource published before 1990 is considered out of date, and the other sources have taken a clear stance on the issue.

Standards: SL.9-10.2

Click here to practice: Speaking & Listening Questions for Grade 10 ELA

Looking for online practice tests? Here is the link to practice more of SBAC Grade 10 ELA questions.


Jenny Watson