Read the passage. Answer the questions. The paragraphs are numbered to help you with the questions.
1 Tropical rainforests are homes to many animals and people, and help support
our lives. Rainforests are hot, rainy places with lots of huge trees. The plants have many leaves. They are found in places like Central and South America, Africa, Asia and Australia.
2 When scientists talk about rainforests, they talk about the three sections or layers of them. The bottom layer
is called the “ground layer
”. Here live people, animals and plants. The ground is lush
. The next layer
is the “understory” which is bushy. You can find trees and animals in this layer
, too. The top is called the “canopy
”. It is very thick. Very little light gets in, so the rainforest
is dark. The canopy
is the protection
for the rainforest
3 If you look down from an airplane on a rainforest
it looks like a big green carpet or green grass everywhere. The plants from the rainforests help the world to breathe. They make oxygen
for us. We need
this to breathe.
4 Many animals and insects live in rainforests on the bottom, understory or canopy
levels. There are monkeys, parrots, toucans, birds, jaguars, snakes, butterflies, frogs, anteaters, and ants.
5 Beautiful plants live there, too. Flowers like the hibiscus, orchid, and passion
6 The rainforests are home to lakes, streams, and rivers. Here live other creatures like crocodiles, water lizards, turtles, snakes, and fish.
7 People in tribes have called the rainforests their home for centuries. They can find most everything they need
to live on right
in the rainforests.
8 Groups are helping to keep the rainforests alive for the people and animals there and for us to keep fresh
air on earth