Life in Colonial America by Marisa Adams
1. During the late 1700’s, almost 2.5 million people lived in America. They moved from Europe into colonies that spread
from Maine to Georgia. Each of the immigrants came for his own reasons; most people came because of the cheaper land, religious freedom
, to serve
jail time, or because of the opportunities. Some were brought to America as indentured servants. They agreed to work for a certain period
of time to pay for their passage
before they became free. Still others were brought to the country as slaves.
2. Most early Americans were farmers. Of course, the type of farms they had usually depended on the part of the country in which they lived. Those who lived in the northern colonies had to deal with cold climate
and rocky soil
. Because of this, their farms were typically small (around 55 acres) and easily run by a family with one or two indentured servants.
3. The warm climate
and fertile soil
of the South made farming
easier. Most families lived on small farms; however, there were many families who lived on larger farms called plantations. These plantations often used many slaves to farm the land. Some of the largest plantations could easily be thousands of acres of land, housing several
families and hundreds of slaves.
4. Americans of the early colonial period
were very self-sufficient. They raised and grew their own food and made their own clothes. They used the land and trees around them to build their own tools, homes, barns, and even make their own medicines. If they had anything leftover, most families would trade
with a neighbor
for other goods; things rarely
went to waste
Pharaoh of Egypt, Queen Hatshepsut Author Unknown, Adapted by Candy Mazze.
1. Queen Hatshepsut ruled Egypt over 3,500 years ago. There were no wars during her time as a ruler
, and the people of her country admired and worshipped her. She was one of the greatest rulers in history.
2. At that time, women didn’t have the same rights as men, and were certainly
not recognized as being able
to rule a country. So how did she, Hatshepsut, become queen? Could it be because this Queen, the Pharaoh of Egypt, dressed like a man?
3. Thutmose I was the pharaoh until he passed away. The title
then moved to Thutmose II, the oldest son. Hatshepsut married him, giving her the title
of Queen. The two ruled the country together. A few years later, Thutmose II passed away. She lost power
as Queen as a result
of his death. The next brother, Thutmose III, was only 10 years old. In order for him to be pharaoh, he needed a regent
. Queen Hatshepsut took on that role
and ruled in his place. She decided to dress and act like a man –even wearing a false beard – and made herself the pharaoh.
4. Queen Hatshepsut accomplished
many things during her reign
. Her focus
was on the people of Egypt, making efforts to improve
their lives rather than trying to expand
the country, as other rulers had done. She built temples and monuments throughout
Egypt, and created peace within the country and with other countries.
5. One major achievement
she completed as a ruler
was a trade exploration
. Egyptians set sail
to the Land of Punt, acquiring numerous
goods and rare
items. This African kingdom
, now known as Somalia, was home to spices, gold, perfumes, and rare
animal skins and feathers that the Egyptians brought back to the pharaoh. The area
wasn’t explored much, and travelling there and back meant risking much danger, making the exploration
a historical moment
for Queen Hatshepsut and for the country of Egypt.
6. The end of Queen Hatshepsut’s reign
was not as “unique
” as its beginning. Although she sought peace and a better life for the Egyptians, she and her country were constantly threatened. Thutmose III was one of those who created tension
. As he got older, he wanted the throne
and was determined
to be the pharaoh. At some point, Queen Hatshepsut apparently
disappeared, and Thutmose III became pharaoh. The legend
suggests she was murdered by Thutmose III so he could “rightfully” regain