A vs. An Indefinite Articles in English - Basic English Grammar - Free Educational videos for Students in K-12 | Lumos Learning

A vs. An Indefinite Articles in English - Basic English Grammar - Free Educational videos for Students in k-12


A vs. An Indefinite Articles in English - Basic English Grammar - By Learn English with EnglishClass101.com



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00:0-1 want to get cheat sheets , audiobooks , lessons apps
00:03 and much more every month for free , just click
00:07 the link in the description to get your free language
00:09 gifts of the month . Hi everybody , welcome back
00:12 to ask Alicia , the weekly series where you ask
00:14 me questions and I answered them maybe . Okay ,
00:17 let's get to your first question . First question .
00:20 This week comes from it's meh Martello , it's memoirs
00:25 , it's memoir says , when do we use the
00:27 preposition to in a sentence in these examples , why
00:31 do we use to ? She is now engaged to
00:34 her longtime boyfriend and I gave birth to two healthy
00:38 boys . Okay , this is a big question and
00:41 a big answer . There are lots of reasons that
00:43 we use to in sentences . Let's talk about a
00:46 few first we used to to describe movement . So
00:50 for example , I went to France or he went
00:53 to the office we used to before the destination ,
00:57 the place that we are traveling to . So we
01:00 used to talk about movement . We also use to
01:04 in time expressions like she worked from 9-5 . It
01:08 means until in these cases or she jogged from 3-4
01:12 so we can use it to express time in this
01:15 way . We also use to when we're using the
01:18 infinitive form of a verb in a sentence . So
01:21 for a reminder , the infinitive form of a verb
01:24 is the base form , like the dictionary form ,
01:26 the kind that you find in the dictionary . So
01:28 that's two plus the verb . There are many cases
01:32 . There are many different grammar patterns , many different
01:34 structures in which we use the infinitive form . So
01:37 a few examples of this are we're going to buy
01:40 lunch and he called to say hello . In other
01:44 cases though the rules kind of disappear a bit .
01:47 They fade away . It's not so easy to apply
01:49 a simple rule . This is because these uses of
01:52 two . Like the ones that you shared in your
01:54 example sentences are actually from idioms or their parts of
01:58 phrase . All verbs . These rules don't apply .
02:01 However , when we look at two in phrase all
02:04 verbs and in idioms . So you have to remember
02:07 these kind of like separate vocabulary words . You have
02:10 to memorize them the same way that you would vocabulary
02:13 words . Unfortunately there isn't a clear cut rule for
02:17 when to use to in cases like these . So
02:20 for example , in your first example sentence she got
02:22 engaged to her longtime boyfriend . The two in that
02:26 sense is part of the get engaged to expression .
02:30 That's an idiom to get engaged to someone that's a
02:33 set phrase . In the second example sentence she gave
02:36 birth to two healthy boys . Two in that sentence
02:40 is part of the expression give birth to . So
02:43 there are lots of set expressions phrase all verbs and
02:46 idioms that used to and you just have to memorize
02:50 them like vocabulary words . They're like kind of independent
02:53 expressions , independent phrases that you need to think about
02:56 . So this is a quick introduction to a few
02:58 uses of two . And also just consider that sometimes
03:03 there's not really a specific rule for the reason why
03:06 two is used in an expression . It's just the
03:08 vocabulary word or it's just the idiom . So a
03:11 good way perhaps to practice this is read . I
03:15 would suggest reading . And over time naturally you'll start
03:19 to kind of get a feel for the expressions that
03:22 used to and the expressions that use by or at
03:24 or in or on and so on . Similar issues
03:27 exist with other propositions . For sure . So I
03:30 would suggest reading as much as possible to help you
03:32 identify the most natural choice of proposition . Um you
03:37 can read novels , you can read uh news articles
03:40 , you can read social media post , whatever ,
03:42 make sure you're reading a lot . And then you're
03:45 kind of over time as I said , get a
03:46 feel for what should be the preposition used . So
03:50 I hope that this helps you . I hope this
03:51 was a good introduction to a few cases in which
03:54 it is kind of rule based use of two ,
03:57 but also just to give you a heads up ,
04:00 give you some information about these expressions that used to
04:03 uh as kind of a set expression . So ,
04:06 thanks very much for the question . All right ,
04:08 let's move on to your next question . Next question
04:11 comes from Vinai Hive and I good night says ,
04:15 how do we talk about simultaneous events in present continuous
04:19 tense . Okay , uh to talk about two or
04:22 more events happening right now . So two or more
04:26 things that are happening in the present moment . You
04:28 can try a pattern like one of these . I'm
04:31 listening to music and working at the same time .
04:34 Are you cooking and cleaning right now ? He's watching
04:38 me while operating the camera . So a reminder these
04:42 patterns are used for two actions that are happening right
04:46 now at the same time . If you want to
04:48 talk about actions that happen regularly like habits you need
04:52 to use simple present tense . We don't use that
04:55 I . N . G . Form for regular actions
04:57 . We can only use these patterns for actions that
05:00 are happening now . So please keep this in mind
05:02 . But I hope that this helps you describe simultaneous
05:05 actions in the present . Thanks very much for the
05:07 question . Okay let's move on to your next question
05:10 . Next question comes from nellie . Hi nellie ,
05:13 nellie says hi Alicia . What is the meaning of
05:16 educated guesses ? Thank you . Yeah sure . Great
05:19 question . An educated guess is a guest that we
05:23 make after doing research or after getting some information about
05:27 the topic . So we can compare this to just
05:29 a guess . So guess is just something that we
05:33 come up with . We have an idea about something
05:35 we share it . We make a guess about something
05:38 an educated guess . Sounds like something we actually thought
05:41 about . We try to find information to make our
05:44 guests more accurate . So for example if I asked
05:47 you who do you think will be the next president
05:50 of the United States and you have no idea but
05:53 you want to guess . You could say a famous
05:54 person like Beyonce or something . So that's probably not
05:57 a good strategy . Making a guest like that though
06:00 . President Beyonce does sound pretty awesome . So making
06:03 an educated guess on the other hand would require you
06:07 to do some research . Who are the candidates ?
06:09 What is their position on various issues ? Are they
06:13 popular or not ? So after doing that kind of
06:16 research and then sharing a guests like choosing one of
06:19 the candidates that would be an example of making an
06:22 educated guess . So this is the difference between an
06:25 educated guess and just a guess . Keep in mind
06:28 that lots of people like to pretend to make an
06:31 educated guess when they're really just guessing . So keep
06:33 this in mind too . I hope that this helps
06:35 you . Thanks for the question . Okay let's move
06:38 on to your next question . Next question comes from
06:40 lin hai lin lin says hi Alicia . I know
06:44 we use a when it is followed by a consonant
06:47 sound and use an when it is followed by a
06:49 vowel sound . But I heard we pronounce A as
06:53 a or uh depending on the consonant or vowel sound
06:57 condition as well . I just put these rules together
07:00 and I'm confused now . What's the difference ? For
07:02 example , he is an or a uh european person
07:07 or this is a or a one way street .
07:11 Thank you so much . Ah Sure . Okay .
07:13 First let's review the uh or a and an rules
07:18 . We use the indefinite article A or uh before
07:24 a word that begins with a consonant sound we use
07:29 and before word that begins with a vowel sound .
07:33 So a key difference here is sound be careful .
07:37 This has nothing to do with spelling . So for
07:40 example an hour we use and there because our begins
07:45 with a vowel sound , it starts with an H
07:47 . Yes in spelling but the sound is a vowel
07:50 sound . Our so this is the rule for using
07:53 a or a and an to answer your question .
07:56 However , there actually isn't a rule for when native
07:59 speakers use the a or a pronunciation , it's completely
08:03 up to the speaker . So don't worry about what
08:05 you've studied , you don't have to change anything there
08:07 . So just keep in mind the native speakers will
08:10 use a pronunciation for emphasis sometimes . So we do
08:15 this when we want to emphasize that . Like there's
08:18 a key difference in some situation . So here's an
08:22 example , let's imagine you are looking for your phone
08:26 And I find one here and I say , hey
08:30 , I found this phone , you might reply and
08:32 you might say you found a phone , you didn't
08:36 find my phone . So the reason that a native
08:40 speaker would choose to use the a pronunciation there is
08:44 to emphasize that I just found this phone in particular
08:48 . I found a phone . Yes , it belongs
08:50 to the category phone , but it's not the speakers
08:54 phone . So the speaker is making a contrast there
08:56 . They want to like clearly show the difference between
08:59 a phone and my phone . This desired thing and
09:03 this thing you found are different . So that's the
09:05 reason that they would use this a emphasis so that
09:08 pronunciation as emphasis in that situation . Let's try one
09:12 more example . Imagine we're co workers in this situation
09:15 and I'm looking for a file . An important file
09:19 . And you offer to help me . You find
09:21 a file that you think is correct and you show
09:24 it to me . And I go , uh ,
09:25 yeah , you found a file , but it's not
09:28 the file . So in that case I'm contrasting .
09:32 I'm showing a difference . I'm emphasizing a difference between
09:35 this file you found and the file that I'm looking
09:38 for . In this case . I'm using the file
09:41 to mean the file that we both know about .
09:44 This file that we both are looking for right now
09:47 . I'm using the a pronunciation to draw attention to
09:51 kind of point out that this thing and this thing
09:54 are different . So when I say a pronunciation might
09:58 be used for emphasis , this is what I mean
10:00 . So in some you can use either a or
10:02 uh it really doesn't matter , it's up to you
10:05 , but you might hear native speakers using that a
10:07 pronunciation for the article when they're trying to emphasize a
10:11 key difference between this thing and another thing . So
10:14 I hope that this helps you . Thanks for the
10:16 question . Okay , let's move on to your next
10:18 question . Next question comes from Godson ernst Pierre louis
10:25 . Hello Godson ! Ernst uh God's intern says I
10:29 often hear two different pronunciations of the word neither and
10:33 today I'd like to know which one is right for
10:35 me , please . Thank you . Ah The answer
10:37 is both Both . Neither and neither are both totally
10:40 acceptable pronunciations . There's actually a famous George Gershwin song
10:44 . If you're familiar with George Gershwin , he wrote
10:46 Rhapsody in Blue , he had some musicals . Anyway
10:48 , he and his brother Ira did some like cool
10:49 musical stuff . But there's a very famous example in
10:52 their work that references this issue . So they have
10:56 neither and neither is good examples are like potato and
10:59 potato . Both acceptable or tomato and tomato . So
11:03 there are different pronunciations for a few words and you
11:06 might know some more but they're both fine , they're
11:09 both acceptable . You can use neither or neither .
11:12 I would say personally that probably in today's american english
11:16 we use neither . And for the other words that
11:18 I mentioned tomato and potato , those are the more
11:21 common pronunciations . But you can still use the other
11:25 pronunciations if you like . So that would be my
11:27 personal recommendation but you can use both . They're both
11:31 fine . So I hope that this helps you .
11:33 Thanks for the question . Okay that is everything that
11:35 I have for this week . Thank you as always
11:37 for sending your questions . Remember you can send them
11:39 to me in english class 101 dot com slash ask
11:42 hyphen Alicia . Of course if you liked this episode
11:45 please don't forget to give it a thumbs up .
11:47 Subscribe to our channel if you haven't already and check
11:50 us out in english class 101 dot com for some
11:52 other things that can help you with your english studies
11:54 . Thanks very much for watching this week's episode of
11:56 Ask Alicia and then we'll see you again next week
11:59 . Bye bye mm .
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