12th Grade ELA - Free Educational videos for Students in K-12 | Lumos Learning

12th Grade ELA - Free Educational videos for Students in k-12


12th Grade ELA - By



Transcript
00:07 Good morning Scholars . Good morning everyone . Uh ,
00:10 as usual , on Wednesday , we're going to start
00:12 with our archetypal theory . Um , today's archetypal character
00:16 is the Fool . Our last two characters have been
00:19 a little bit challenging . Remember that recently we took
00:21 a look at the alter ego , which is really
00:23 difficult . And we took a look at the byronic
00:26 hero , which is quite difficult . That rough around
00:28 the edges , kind of hero , very different than
00:29 the standard hero . This is a figure that I
00:31 think is a lot more recognizable . So as usual
00:35 , take a moment to read over the description and
00:37 turn to your neighbors and do some informal brainstorming about
00:40 figures you think fit this model , both from literature
00:44 and from pop culture . Yeah , he's a little
00:52 too intelligent . I think maybe he's more of a
00:55 byronic hero . This one needs to be a little
00:57 good . Yeah , Yes . Forrest gump is perfect
01:02 . That's a perfect example . I never come back
01:04 from that . The only thing about his parent is
01:10 that he's a little too clever . Yeah , he's
01:12 more of a sidekick . You want , you want
01:14 a character that generates a little bit more kind of
01:16 silly comic . Really . Maybe so yeah , sometimes
01:26 , yeah , sometimes this character emerges with the sidekick
01:29 . Yeah , that happens quite often actually . Anything
01:33 good . Yeah , maybe . So . Think about
01:39 Moby Dick does . I don't know if there's really
01:40 any uproariously funny moments and that was a little bit
01:44 of a serious book . Uh I say the twins
01:53 , Yeah , sometimes it's like a , it's like
02:00 mostly the Fool is a little bit substandard intelligence ,
02:03 but then we'll have these moments of crazy epiphany ,
02:06 which is where the irony comes in . You know
02:09 , we perceive the fool to be lowly and stature
02:11 lowly and intelligence and then we'll come out with some
02:13 kind of gem . Yeah , I think it's probably
02:24 the goofballs there . Yeah , yeah . Jim jim
02:28 is a byronic hero slash euros best friend . Okay
02:32 . Yeah , absolutely . Anything good ? That's perfect
02:37 . That's perfect . Yeah , absolutely . That's a
02:43 good one . Now that everyone has had a chance
02:48 to do some brainstorming and speak with neighbors as usual
02:51 . We're gonna discuss these characteristics together and come up
02:54 with some examples from literature and pop culture . So
02:59 the Fool , um , as I mentioned , this
03:02 is a very common , very common character as well
03:05 . And what you look for here is you look
03:07 for the fool to be an ironic form of comic
03:10 relief . So what is comic relief ? Someone give
03:13 us an understanding of comic relief . Yes , it's
03:16 a serious moments that one person who just makes it
03:18 like eases the mood . Absolutely . I like the
03:20 way you said , that eases the mood . That's
03:22 what you look for . A comic relief . Therefore
03:25 we will often find fools in what kinds of works
03:28 of literature than class drama or tragedy . You look
03:32 for this figure to to kind of shake things up
03:34 because if the mood gets too serious it's hard for
03:36 the audience to maintain focus . And we have a
03:38 little bit of irony here and here is essentially the
03:41 the irony that goes on . Although the fool is
03:46 ridiculous . And although the fool may not have the
03:50 highest social standing or may not be the most intellectually
03:52 gifted , the fool will sometimes come out with these
03:56 little gems of wisdom . So the irony here is
03:59 that although lowly , the fool is usually momentarily wise
04:14 , the fool will have these little quick , wise
04:17 moments and we're gonna talk about why . Um so
04:19 again , his appearance or his station in life ,
04:22 you know , his socioeconomic status , He may not
04:24 be noble . Okay . Maybe kind of lowly or
04:27 ridiculous or silly , but this often reminds us of
04:31 how arbitrary class snobbery can be . What is arbitrary
04:36 , random , random , unfair , you know ,
04:39 not based on not based on fact , because a
04:41 lot of times when people in certain social classes ,
04:43 the higher ones , when they consider themselves better than
04:45 everyone else , that class snobbery is shattered by the
04:49 fool because here's the fool in the lower class or
04:51 who gets less respect . And he'll see something about
04:54 the upper class that really exposes the ridiculousness of their
04:57 folly . So he's a commentator , he comments upon
05:00 the powerful people , the wealthy people in society and
05:03 he gets away with it . How can the fool
05:05 get away with making these kinds of comments ? How
05:11 can he do it ? How can he get away
05:12 with it ? Yes , because he's like not afraid
05:15 to say stupid things . So he can kind of
05:18 say what's on everyone else's mind . Absolutely . And
05:21 then if he says something that does kind of hit
05:22 close to home , everybody says , oh well ,
05:24 he's always saying ridiculous things like that , it makes
05:26 it safe , right ? Um so at times this
05:30 is what we were just getting at , He can
05:31 relate profound wisdom or irony because this inferior status gives
05:36 him insight on the human condition . See , he's
05:39 in a lot of ways , the Fools should feel
05:41 like an outsider , and you know , that when
05:44 you remove yourself from a situation , that's when you
05:46 get perspective , when you're in the situation , it's
05:50 hard to get a good perspective because you're biased because
05:52 you're in it , okay ? Um now , what's
05:54 also kind of funny about the fool ? The Fool
05:57 will often have strangely these streaks of good luck and
06:01 sometimes you'll see this archetype merged with the sidekick ,
06:05 but what will make the fool a little bit different
06:07 ? This is one of the distinguishing factors , is
06:10 that the sidekick may never have a moment of real
06:15 wisdom , whereas the fool will . So that's one
06:18 way that you can separate them . But sometimes these
06:20 figures do do merge to combine all that makes sense
06:24 . Okay , so let's hear from you , what
06:27 are some examples first from literature ? You know ?
06:29 So here we're looking for examples from books and plays
06:32 and and major works , wow . Very done ,
06:34 very good . So let's go with Jordan right here
06:36 , um Rodrigo , tell us about where Rodriguez comes
06:39 from . Well , you can fool because during the
06:42 whole place is providing comic relief , huh ? All
06:45 the crying and over Desdemona and things . But when
06:48 Castro was going on about Othello and basically just like
06:51 saying all these bad things about and he's like ,
06:53 well why don't you quit ? Yeah , and so
06:55 that was a good advice from it was and you
06:58 know what in Act Five , I won't ruin it
07:00 because we're not to act five yet . But in
07:02 Act five , Rodrigo is going to have this great
07:04 moment of wisdom . He's going to figure something out
07:06 that no one else has . So just wait for
07:08 that moment in Act five . She coby um I
07:12 said offer Yeah , tell us about it because he
07:15 kind of like does everything that they said , like
07:17 he says all this stuff about bear wolves that nobody
07:21 else kinda expected like anyone to say to him .
07:23 And then like at the end he did have like
07:25 the wisdom where him and there was extricated like exchange
07:28 the sorts and stuff . It's kind of it's perfect
07:30 , very good . He does fit well . Can
07:33 anybody think of the clue that tells us that Unferth
07:36 maybe of an inferior status ? There's one little clue
07:39 in the epic . What's that Roth guards . He
07:42 sits at Rutgers feet . That may give him a
07:45 court jester . Um Kind of role . We're not
07:47 sure though . That's ambiguous and ethic . That's an
07:48 excellent example . All right . Who else has an
07:50 example ? Homes up merry and pippen from Lord of
07:54 the Rings . Tell us how they fit . Because
07:57 like , they're always joking around the whole movie .
08:00 But then eventually , when they both are under stress
08:02 , they they both come through in different ways .
08:05 Absolutely . They bring the trees , right ? They
08:06 bring the ants and something else to look out for
08:09 . This is worth jotting down . Um Look for
08:12 Mhm . Silly names here too . You know ,
08:17 when we look at these names , look at Unferth
08:19 , Right . No courage , no peace . This
08:21 was something we looked at ideologically at one point .
08:23 Look at merry and pippin . What does mary mean
08:26 by happier jolly ? Yeah . So look for the
08:28 names to be a little silly to . Okay ,
08:31 excellent example . What's another one ? Yes , nipple
08:34 from harry potter . Very good . What's his whole
08:36 name ? Long , long bottom , long bottom .
08:41 You know , it's kind of like saying big bottom
08:43 . It's pretty funny . He has a good fee
08:45 appearance in the films , you know , he's got
08:47 buck teeth and everything . But boy , he comes
08:49 through , doesn't he ? A couple times . He
08:51 comes through for Harry and the Friends . Yeah .
08:53 Good . Okay , what's another one ? Yes ,
08:55 laura , I was gonna say . Um But well
08:59 , that's what this movie . Never mind it .
09:00 Okay , I'll call you back , I'll call you
09:02 back . Um Yes , I'm not sure . But
09:04 with Ron Weasley , he's still sort of the psychic
09:08 in the pool at times . Absolutely . Um Ron
09:11 Weasley has moments where he is in fact a sidekick
09:14 , but he does fulfill a fool . Um you
09:17 know , role as well , I have to answer
09:19 the phone . This is realistic . Okay , Sadie
09:23 . Um Also from Harry father's friend George . What's
09:27 that friend George ? Okay , tell us about it
09:29 . They like have their joke shop even when everything
09:32 is all gray and then like they played pranks at
09:36 the school when everything's bad , like when they have
09:37 the bad teachers and stuff . That's excellent . Thank
09:40 you . You can really tell rallying loves archetypal theory
09:43 , tons of archetypes . Yes , I don't know
09:45 if the Mad hatter , Oh absolutely the Mad Hatter
09:49 and the Mad Hatter's partner in silliness . The March
09:57 hare . Oh no , not the white rabbit .
10:02 The white rabbit is different this moment to watch ,
10:04 right ? With Alice and Alice in wonder . Like
10:06 The Mad Hatter is of course , spouting nonsense .
10:10 This is a Lewis carroll doing some satire because in
10:13 the 18 hundreds when hats were made , the workers
10:17 used Mercury to shine them up and they used their
10:19 hands , they didn't use gloves of the mercury .
10:21 Mercury is poisonous . And if you handle it too
10:23 much it can cause insanity . So in England mad
10:26 means crazy . Yeah , so he's mad . He's
10:29 crazy because of the hat making Lewis carroll is doing
10:31 a bit of satire here and the march hare in
10:34 March rabbits propagate . So if you uh so in
10:40 England , if you say that someone is acting like
10:41 a march hare , it means they're acting crazy ,
10:43 you know , out of control . So these two
10:45 are absolutely fools and Alice in Wonderland . Very good
10:48 . Alright , What's another example from lit here ?
10:51 Yes . Um well , the advisor from Mulan ,
10:55 like it was a book too , so mullen was
10:57 a book too , but the Advisor to the General
11:00 tell us about it . He um he wasn't really
11:03 helpful at first , like he kept trying to suck
11:05 up to the general . Uh , and then he
11:07 kind of helped out at the end with the general
11:10 sun , so he's more of a fool as opposed
11:13 to a wise old man . Okay . Sounds good
11:15 . So we'll put him down here for for pop
11:19 culture . Is there anything else you wanted to say
11:21 about literature before we move to pop culture ? Andrew
11:24 ? I don't know about this one , but um
11:27 maybe Wilson from Gatsby explain . He just seems like
11:32 he's like always like , yeah , part of everyone's
11:36 joke and stuff . He's just not , he never
11:39 really succeeds . Yeah . He's the butt of everyone's
11:42 jokes . He's kind of a perennial loser . Yeah
11:44 , I can see where you're going with that .
11:46 I wonder is there does he have a lucky streak
11:49 or a moment of wisdom ? That's the only thing
11:52 , that's why I said I didn't know about .
11:54 Yeah , I think you're right , I think he's
11:55 kind of a tweener , I think he has elements
11:57 of it . I think it's a good point hums
11:59 up . Would Peter Pettigrew B1 from explain because well
12:04 , he would be the food to both Baltimore and
12:06 kind of Harry Potter , because Baltimore always kind of
12:08 picks on him and stuff . But when Harry really
12:11 needs him , peter pair who comes through because Harry
12:14 basically saved his life . So he has that streak
12:16 of helpfulness that could work . Absolutely . Uh Jack
12:21 , I don't know his name , but in the
12:23 Shirokov play we read in 10th grade , the Segal
12:27 Segal , I think he's like the grandfather character to
12:32 the main character whose name is , I don't know
12:40 his name , I don't know I know . But
12:42 yeah , he's like really jovial the whole time ,
12:45 while there's a lot of just like melodramatic things going
12:49 on in everyone's lives and it just kind of pokes
12:51 fun at it . Okay I guess insight to the
12:56 human condition does his poking fun involve making fun of
13:00 how seriously the characters are taking their lives and everything
13:03 that would seem to be actually perfect ? Yeah I
13:06 haven't read it in many years so I don't remember
13:07 the character either , but the example sounds good .
13:10 Um Others from lit I was also thinking about lenny
13:14 from of mice and men who is you know intellectually
13:17 challenged but definitely is wise about some things that he's
13:21 the only character on the ranch who isn't racist ,
13:23 he's the only character on the ranch who talks to
13:25 Curley's wife . So those are some ideas . There
13:28 . One thing I wanted to do before hip hop
13:30 culture Shakespeare does something great in Romeo and Juliet with
13:33 the fool because he spreads the full characteristics to two
13:36 different characters . Can you think of which two characters
13:39 in Romeo and Juliet have these characteristics and they're not
13:43 taking seriously before they have these moments of intense wisdom
13:46 . Yes josh Mercutio and the nurse from Romeo and
13:50 Juliet and let's give that man some snaps . So
13:55 tell us about that , tell us about Mercutio and
13:58 the nurse and how that works . Well , Mercutio
14:01 is kind of like Romeo's best buddy . They always
14:03 get into trouble and Mercutio doesn't really take anything seriously
14:08 and the nurse sort of just looks after Juliet and
14:11 like even she sort of like the help to the
14:13 capulet family so they don't really pay any attention to
14:16 her but she like knows things . Yeah , very
14:19 good . That's a nice job . I was I
14:21 was really amazed by how quickly you came up with
14:23 that . So does everybody have these examples written down
14:26 for lit ? Yeah , we're gonna go ahead and
14:28 move on to pop culture because I know you're really
14:30 dying to share your examples for pop culture . This
14:33 is so common in pop culture and entertainment . So
14:36 what are some examples ? Yeah , I knew it
14:38 . I could tell you're simmering here into the surface
14:42 with ideas . Yes , go ahead in the back
14:45 for sheets jar jar from Star Wars . Yes .
14:48 Tell us how Uh huh . I mean when like
14:51 everything goes wrong , he's always the one to mess
14:56 something up and make the audience laugh when everything's going
15:01 terribly wrong . Right . And what's his streak of
15:05 luck ? He gets this funny little little stroke of
15:07 luck later on , what happens to him ? Do
15:09 you remember ? That is really kind of great or
15:10 lucky ? Does anybody remember ? Can anybody tag team
15:14 remember what happened to George R . Yeah I think
15:16 when he was in the middle of the war and
15:19 then he got lucky because nobody shot him right ?
15:22 He walks to the battlefield with people falling in every
15:26 direction . He just kind of walks casually , threw
15:28 it also . Uh later on he becomes a very
15:31 important ambassador type for his country . Just by sheer
15:34 luck . He never designed this for himself . That's
15:37 a great example . Um What's another example ? Yes
15:39 Scalia um we came up with Bubba and Forest from
15:44 Forrest gump . Absolutely . Tell us how well they're
15:48 both they're both kind of like they give the impression
15:53 that they're kind of retarded in a way and but
15:58 then they both give they both give like great ideas
16:01 and saving lives and just like putting theirselves in other
16:06 people's hands like that kind of thing . Absolutely yeah
16:09 . They're wise about the things that matter . That's
16:11 a hallmark of the fool , but not taken seriously
16:13 by society , despite how much they add to it
16:15 . Yeah , that's excellent . They both are fools
16:17 . Very good . Who to choose . Let's see
16:19 here . Yes . For son , I said abu
16:24 from the latin , tell us about it . Um
16:26 well he's kind of like the fool , not really
16:29 the psychic to the whole movie . I think he's
16:32 like his point of wisdom is telling a lot and
16:37 to go talk to jasmine really like , I don't
16:40 think he has like a will like good like Sprinkle
16:46 up , you know , I think you're right because
16:48 he is the one that he is the one that
16:50 pushes Aladdin into , you know , chasing jasmine ,
16:53 which is his love . Absolutely , yeah , but
16:54 he has his foolish moments too , like in the
16:56 cave of wonders when he steals the jewel , you
16:59 know ? So he does that foolish moment as well
17:01 . It's a really good example , um , quasi
17:03 what'd you come up with ? I came up with
17:05 Homer Simpson . Absolutely . Because he does shed wisdom
17:10 to his Children . And also he's not really taking
17:13 serious by a lot of people . Absolutely . Does
17:16 anybody know the joke in his name ? There's a
17:19 joke in both names . Um , let's see here
17:22 , uh , s on you want to try where
17:23 the jokes in this name . Um Homer was like
17:27 the person who made the alien and anti goni honesty
17:32 , the honesty . Um , and um , he's
17:35 really well known for being very like just amazing with
17:42 words . That's what he does . That's right .
17:46 So the irony here is that , you know ,
17:48 Homer is um , as essen said , the one
17:51 who brings us the odyssey . So he's one of
17:52 the world's great poets and he's amazing with words .
17:54 Where is Homer Simpson ? It's not the most eloquent
17:58 character you've ever met . And then take a look
18:00 at Simpson . Does anybody have an idea of what's
18:02 going on with with Simpson ? Yes , Jordan simple
18:05 . It's like simple . Absolutely , Yes . A
18:07 really funny name here . Excellent job . Who else
18:10 has some examples here ? Who hasn't gone yet ?
18:11 Adam Donkey from Shrek . Absolutely . Tell us about
18:14 it . Uh well , he's kind of like shrinks
18:17 and I'd kick for like the journey through the woods
18:20 or whatever . But he provides comic relief and a
18:23 bunch of like uh dumb Sainz And he also has
18:27 some like wise , where is the wisdom ? At
18:29 some point ? He does . Donkey says the things
18:31 that we're often thinking , you know , the things
18:34 that we want to say . That's a great example
18:35 . Yes , go ahead . Okay . I don't
18:38 know her name , but it's from gone with the
18:39 wind and she's one of the really squeaky voice and
18:42 she's like , she's telling him she knows how to
18:44 deliver the baby , but she does it . Oh
18:46 yes . Um That's like the only funny part in
18:50 the movie . It isn't Sissy . It's something like
18:53 , it's something like that . I actually know what
18:55 you mean . I want to say . I'm gonna
18:57 put this in quotes because I'm not exactly sure .
19:00 She's one of the servants . Yeah , she absolutely
19:02 is the full . Yeah , I think that that's
19:04 her name . So this one definitely check up on
19:06 me on this one , so I'm not exactly sure
19:08 . Haven't seen in a while . Um Yes .
19:09 Well , I'm not exactly sure either , but with
19:12 harpo from the color purple B . One I think
19:14 so . Give it a try . Okay . Well
19:17 isn't harmful like , well in the movie , he
19:19 was like always the one who always get in trouble
19:21 and like can do things right . And Sophia always
19:25 didn't like the way he did things and stuff like
19:28 that . Good happy one . I think so .
19:30 And when you think about the name to , can
19:31 you think of another famous harpo ? This was before
19:33 your time , but I don't know if you've heard
19:35 this name before . Anyone ever heard of it before
19:39 harpo Marx Marx brothers . That's way before your time
19:43 . That's even before my time , if you can
19:46 imagine that . I mean , I went to high
19:47 school shortly after the Civil War so um let's see
19:50 , go ahead . Uh Shaggy and Scooby tell us
19:54 about it . They're always like , it's called like
19:57 Scooby . Like do it looks like the like the
19:59 show centered around him . But he's always like a
20:01 scaredy cat even though he's like the big rig ,
20:03 you know , dog . And he's always like trying
20:05 to like get out of the mystery and he always
20:07 ends up running into like the villain or doing something
20:10 like he didn't accidentally to catch the villain always be
20:13 the wrong place at the wrong time and get lucky
20:15 every time . It's a formula . Yeah , yeah
20:17 , that's very , very good . Good . We're
20:18 going to do a few more so we can progress
20:20 the Shakespeare . Let's see . Has everyone had a
20:22 chance to speak whose hands are raised ? Oh Shauna
20:26 , give us a character . But yes , just
20:29 like the water boy . Okay , excellent . Tell
20:32 us about it because he was like always doing funny
20:34 stuff . Any plays like a Fool and almost all
20:38 his movies , sure now Lassana brings up something we've
20:41 discussed before . There are certain actors and actresses that
20:44 get typecast into these archetypal rules . For instance ,
20:48 Angelina Jolie is often , which architectural character that we
20:51 studied , the fem fatale , Right ? So here
20:55 Adam Sandler is often the fool . Yeah , So
20:58 look for that . Um also I've noticed that that
21:00 some actors tend to be byronic heroes . Um I've
21:04 noticed that that brad pitt has taken a lot of
21:06 byronic hero characters . Yeah , just a couple more
21:09 . Everyone . Let's see . Go ahead . Clear
21:11 moshoeshoe from tell us about it because he's like always
21:19 the one that's just cracking jokes and but then he
21:22 always has like the times where when something happens ,
21:25 he's always the one that gives the insight and knows
21:28 what to do about it . He's right there .
21:29 Yeah , let's do one more . Let's see here
21:33 . Uh Andrew uh the drug dealer from Flight explain
21:39 because like every time , every time it's a really
21:42 intense movie and then every time they show him ,
21:46 he just comes in like breaks up all of the
21:48 tension in the movie , even though , I mean
21:50 it's unfortunate that he's a drug dealer , but then
21:52 at the same time he always says like he gives
21:55 him advice all the time . So I think that
21:58 works great . Andrew especially because the fool is supposed
22:00 to be outside of the typical society . He's definitely
22:04 not within that circle because drug dealing is not a
22:07 legitimate legal kind of business , but it probably gives
22:09 him insight . Yeah , that's excellent class . Any
22:13 questions about this concept about the archetypal fool , you
22:20 think ? Good . Alright , Class . Give yourself
22:23 some snaps please . Excellent .
Summarizer

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12th grade ELA lesson on archetypals in literature

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