Run-On Sentences and the Superheroes of Punctuation - Free Educational videos for Students in K-12 | Lumos Learning

Run-On Sentences and the Superheroes of Punctuation - Free Educational videos for Students in k-12

Run-On Sentences and the Superheroes of Punctuation - By WarnerJordanEducation

00:04 Yeah . Hello and welcome to our podcast on the
00:12 run on sentence . Ideally , you've been watching the
00:16 other podcasts on phrases and clauses and that so that
00:20 you are familiar with some of these important grammatical terms
00:23 , because we're going to be using those in context
00:25 here . And so , as we were talking about
00:28 in class , oftentimes we need a strong foundation for
00:31 a house , and phrases and clauses serve as strong
00:34 foundations for our sentences . And so we're going to
00:37 go ahead and use those terms . So if you
00:39 have not watched those other podcasts , please make sure
00:42 you do . Or some of this may not make
00:44 complete sense . If you have watched those and you're
00:46 ready to get onto the run on sentence , here
00:49 we go . Let's talk about that . So ,
00:51 first off , a definition a run on sentence is
00:54 when you have to complete sentences that are joined incorrectly
00:59 as one sentence . So if we use the terminology
01:03 since a complete sentence is an independent clause , a
01:08 run on happens when we have two independent clauses that
01:12 have been joined incorrectly . Now it's not that you
01:16 can't join to complete sentences or independent causes you can
01:21 . We advise you to . We want you to
01:24 . We're hoping that you will , because it adds
01:25 some variety to our writing , but we just need
01:28 to make sure that we're doing it correctly . And
01:31 so the quote unquote fancier we get with our sentences
01:35 , the more careful we have to become with them
01:37 . Because if we just start throwing things together and
01:39 disregarding punctuation and grammar , then we have the strong
01:43 potential of hitting a snag . And that snag is
01:46 in the form of a run on . So where
01:48 are you most likely to run into a run on
01:51 in your own writing ? One way is when the
01:53 writer is trying to add sentence variety , which is
01:57 something we like . It's something that we ask you
01:59 guys to do , but you screw it up ,
02:03 and I don't mean you only have students . We
02:05 as writers , as professional writers , as adult writers
02:08 . We do it all the time to we have
02:10 to go back and proof in our own work .
02:12 Try to avoid those situations where we have created run
02:16 ons to make those more clear . Perhaps also ,
02:19 the writer is just trying to write a complete sentence
02:21 and is not familiar with those four elements of the
02:24 complete sentence fact that needs a subject verb , complete
02:28 thought and complete punctuation . Oftentimes when we're writing ,
02:32 we just throw in a period because we're done .
02:34 Well , maybe that didn't encapsulate the complete idea .
02:38 And therefore we have erroneously or in error , created
02:42 a run on . So we just wanna make sure
02:43 that our sentences have all four elements of a complete
02:46 sentence . So regardless of why this has actually happened
02:50 , we need to know that run ons are grammatical
02:53 errors . They often times cause confusion because when they're
02:57 being read by educated readers such as people in academics
03:01 , meaning your peers or teachers or people that you're
03:04 applying to for grants or things like that , you're
03:08 causing confusion . They're not able to understand what you're
03:11 trying to say . So it's not just that you've
03:13 broken a grammatical rule , but you're becoming unclear .
03:16 And so we need to make sure that we are
03:18 fixing these so that clarity is what's getting across in
03:22 our writing . So in terms of the proofreading flow
03:25 chart , we're going back looking at our work and
03:28 fixing it up , revising the ideas , but then
03:30 proof reading for grammar capitalization things like that . Our
03:34 little radars for run ons should probably be set off
03:37 when we have sentences that have been combined or when
03:41 we have started to combine multiple ideas into one sentence
03:45 . So if we have joined two clauses together meaning
03:48 that each could stand on its own and we've chosen
03:50 to join them , we have the potential for a
03:53 run on . But at the same time , maybe
03:56 we did it right . And so we need to
03:58 be careful and look at the grammatical level of these
04:01 two , truly determine if we have a run on
04:02 or not . So this is where we need to
04:04 know clauses if we have to independent causes and they're
04:08 joined . Okay , we're totally fine . No run
04:12 on there . But if we screwed it up ,
04:14 if we tried to be too fancy , if we
04:15 have ignored the rules , then we might have a
04:18 run on . So here's some examples of run on
04:21 sentences just to kind of see what they feel like
04:24 . First one says John is a very talented runner
04:27 . He has won many awards . We have to
04:31 complete sentences that have been jammed together . The first
04:35 one is John is a very talented runner that could
04:38 stand completely on its own . The second one is
04:41 he has won many awards . That , too ,
04:44 could stand completely on its own . But for whatever
04:47 reason , the author has chosen to put them together
04:50 . And so this is where we have the potential
04:52 for a run on scenario . And in this particular
04:55 case , we do have a run on , because
04:57 all this writer did was take to complete sentences ,
05:01 removed one period , removed one capital letter and smash
05:04 them together and then re put a capital to beginning
05:07 in a period at the end . And just because
05:09 you have a capital at the beginning and a period
05:11 at the end doesn't necessarily make it a complete sentence
05:14 . So let's go ahead and keep looking and see
05:16 if we can figure out what's going on here .
05:18 One of the steps you want to take when trying
05:21 to see if you have a run on or the
05:23 potential for a run on scenario is to see .
05:25 Do I even have to independent clauses that have been
05:29 stuck together ? The key is there . That they
05:31 have to be independent clause is not a dependent clause
05:37 stuck properly to an independent . One we have to
05:40 see are these two truly independent clauses and then just
05:44 stuck together . For example , the sun is high
05:48 . Put on some sunblock . You can see that
05:51 there are two independent clauses here . The sun is
05:53 high , Could stand on its own and put on
05:57 some sunblock could stand on its own . So we
05:59 have to independent clauses . Okay , Interesting . We
06:02 may have a run on in this case we do
06:05 , but we at this point , we just need
06:06 to identify . Do we have to independent clauses ?
06:09 Next one . Most of the cars air in the
06:11 shop . This proves my point about old cars being
06:14 unreliable again . We have to independent clauses that have
06:18 been erroneously stuck together . Most of the cars were
06:22 in the shop . That's one then the other is
06:26 this proves my point about old cars being reliable .
06:29 We could choose to keep those separate and make two
06:32 sentences . But the student has for some reason chosen
06:35 to push them together . Unfortunately , they have done
06:38 it incorrectly . So what do we dio ? What
06:41 if our run on radar's go off and like ,
06:44 all right , I've got a really complicated sentence .
06:47 It has an independent clause and another independent clause and
06:50 they're stuck together . I think I might have a
06:52 run on . Oh my goodness , I totally do
06:55 have a run on . So here's what we do
06:56 . We have three common ways of fixing run ons
06:59 . We call them the Superheroes of punctuation Number one
07:04 , Superman , number two , Aquaman and number three
07:09 , The Wonder Twins . Let's go ahead and explain
07:12 what we mean here because I get it . We
07:13 don't often talk about superheroes what we're talking about punctuation
07:16 and grammar . So let's explain these a little bit
07:19 more . Yeah , all right . So let's go
07:22 ahead and look at each of these superheroes of punctuation
07:25 in a little bit more detail and see if we
07:26 could make clear our metaphor for how we might want
07:30 to correct run on sentences . So our first one
07:33 is Superman and in So if you remember from the
07:36 comics or the movies , he is exceptionally powerful ,
07:40 and in our metaphor he is so powerful that he
07:43 can end a sentence in a single piece of punctuation
07:47 , and that single piece of punctuation is a period
07:51 . And so , if you are looking at your
07:53 sentence in your paper and you realize that Hey ,
07:56 you have a run on . The easiest way to
08:00 correct that run on is to take that really complicated
08:05 inappropriately joined sentence and break it into two sentences .
08:11 Take your first independent clause , end it with a
08:14 period , begin your next one with a capital letter
08:18 and call it good . So all you're doing is
08:22 finding the break of the two independent clauses and you
08:26 are putting a period in between them and separating those
08:29 into two sentences . So that is Superman , exceptionally
08:33 powerful , so powerful he can end it in one
08:37 piece of punctuation . The next part of our metaphor
08:40 is what we call Aquaman . Now bear with me
08:44 for a minute . Aquaman isn't as cool a Superman
08:48 . He can't fly . He doesn't have , like
08:50 laser vision . He's not bulletproof . Things like that
08:53 e mean his greatest superpower is that he can talk
08:56 to marine animals . I think it's kind of lame
09:00 , like , Oh , no , there's a crime
09:01 going on . The best thing I could do is
09:03 call all of my fish friends . No hay .
09:06 That is kind of cool . I mean , I
09:08 can't call any fish friends . I don't have any
09:10 dolphins . That just show up when I have an
09:12 issue . Aquaman does . So let's give him some
09:15 credit . The point is this , though . He's
09:19 sort of cool . He's even semi cool . And
09:23 so the Aquaman way off correcting a run on is
09:27 to use the piece of punctuation that we call the
09:30 semi Colon because it is semi cool , just like
09:35 Aquaman . And so here's what we do . We
09:38 can go ahead and look at our long run on
09:40 and notice . Hey , we've got to independent clauses
09:43 that have been jammed together , and what we do
09:45 in this case is that we separate those by the
09:48 use of a semi colon . We have our first
09:51 independent clause . We place a semi colon and then
09:55 we begin our next independent clause . After that ,
09:59 we don't use a capital letter at the beginning of
10:01 the second clause because truly , that whole thing is
10:05 still one sentence . We're just taking the two clauses
10:10 and dividing it up into two . But what we're
10:13 doing is independent clause than a semi colon and then
10:17 the other independent clause . Now , the third way
10:21 we can correct run ins in our metaphor of the
10:23 superheroes is what we call the wonder twins of punctuation
10:28 . Now , if we thought like Aquaman was pretty
10:30 lame , the Wonder Twins are probably the most lame
10:34 of all superheroes . It was , ah , horrendous
10:36 show , I think in the eighties , when they
10:39 were on and the wonder twins were out there fighting
10:41 crime . But here's how they worked . So basically
10:45 we have these twins , a boy and a girl
10:48 , and they're out there fighting crime . Now they
10:50 have the special power , and then they could change
10:52 into things . But if my memory is correct ,
10:55 the boy could Onley change into animate objects . You
10:59 know , like a bird or ah , bug or
11:02 something that was alive . The girl could Onley change
11:05 into inanimate objects , things like a rock , a
11:10 bucket , maybe even a bucket of water , things
11:13 like that . And so the way these two fought
11:16 crime is if they would put their rings together and
11:19 say one on , they would turn into a nan
11:25 emit object and an inanimate object , and then they
11:28 would somehow between the two of them , be able
11:29 to fight crime . The point is this . If
11:33 the boy turned into an eagle , he was completely
11:36 useless and fighting crime because he's just a eagle .
11:38 Like what's he gonna do , like , fly around
11:40 and poop on him or something ? If the girl
11:43 changed into her thing , which was maybe a bucket
11:45 of water , what good is she going to dio
11:48 ? None is just going to sit there and do
11:49 nothing . So in the show , they needed toe
11:52 work together . They both change into whatever they're changing
11:55 into . And then the eagle would pick up that
11:58 bucket of water , fly it over the bad guy
12:00 , dropped the bucket on them , the person would
12:02 rust or melt or something , cause it was water
12:05 and then the crime was solved . The key to
12:08 remember in the metaphor here is that both things needed
12:11 to be there . And so our piece of punctuation
12:15 that we're going to use to help us correct run
12:18 ons that we're calling the Wonder twins is the idea
12:22 of using a comma and a coordinating conjunction between our
12:27 independent clauses . In case we don't remember , a
12:30 coordinating conjunction is one of those connective words that connects
12:34 coordinating items . And coordinating in grammar means items of
12:39 the same level of importance . So , for example
12:43 , we have these four and nor but or yet
12:49 . And so these are your coordinating conjunctions , And
12:53 the acronym we like to use is what we call
12:56 Fanboys . And so these air the coordinating conjunctions that
13:00 we would need to use with a comma in order
13:04 to correct run on . So if we have our
13:07 run on , we realize there's two independent clauses joined
13:10 incorrectly . What we can do is we can take
13:13 our first independent clause , follow it by a comma
13:18 , then one of our coordinating conjunctions , depending on
13:23 the situation and how they need to be attached and
13:26 then move on to our next independent clause , please
13:30 notice . Just like the Wonder twins . You can't
13:33 fight crime with just one of them . You can't
13:36 correct a run on with just a comma or with
13:40 just a coordinating conjunction . You must have both of
13:44 those working between the two independent clauses in order to
13:48 fix that run on . If you use just one
13:51 , then you still have a run on sentence .
13:54 So the big warning in all of this is we
13:57 have to make sure that we're correcting true run on
14:00 sentences . This is what we have to know .
14:02 The differences between clauses , phrases , dependent clauses and
14:07 independent causes . If we don't have to independent causes
14:12 stuck together , we may not have a run on
14:15 . So when we're looking at a sentence that maybe
14:18 has a dependent clause at the beginning , followed by
14:22 a comma and then attached to an independent clause ,
14:26 that is a complete and fine sentence because we don't
14:31 have to independent causes . We have one that's dependent
14:34 and one that's independent and they are joined correctly .
14:37 So we have to examine the words . We have
14:39 to examine the structures and we have to examine the
14:41 punctuation . We can't just look at this and go
14:44 Wow , that is a bunch of words . Clearly
14:46 , it's a run on because we it may not
14:48 be . We need to look at these structures that
14:51 are in place already . So in the next couple
14:54 slides , go ahead and read each sentence . Pause
14:57 the podcast so that you can think about this ,
14:59 but do your best to punctuate each sentence correctly .
15:03 When you're finished , go ahead and restart the podcast
15:06 and you'll be able to see your answers on the
15:07 next one and see if you are getting these correct
15:10 or not . So here are the answers for the
15:13 first one , the Nazis attacked Poland to start World
15:17 War Two . It was horrible . You have to
15:21 independent clauses there . We need to correct them in
15:23 one of three ways this particular one we chose to
15:27 separated by the use of the semi colon or Aquaman
15:32 . So we now have the first clause . The
15:34 Nazis attacked Poland to start World War Two semicolon .
15:38 It was horrible . Number two , The Polish army
15:42 did its best , and they tried to stop the
15:45 dangerous blitzkrieg . Both sides of those are independent clauses
15:51 . Now in the original , they just use the
15:53 word . And unfortunately , that's like using one of
15:57 the two wonder twins . We need to have a
15:58 comma and a conjunction . So to correct it as
16:02 is we're going to say the Polish army did its
16:05 best comma and they tried to stop the dangerous blitzkrieg
16:10 that allows us to put those two independent clauses together
16:13 , joined correctly now by the use of the Wonder
16:16 twins , number three is a little bit tricky .
16:19 Even though the Nazis advanced through Poland comma , they
16:23 did not invade the Soviet Union at that time .
16:27 Our first group of words acting as a unit is
16:30 a dependent clause . It needs to be stuck to
16:34 something . So even though the Nazis advanced through Poland
16:38 , that's a dependent clause . It has to be
16:40 stuck to something . So they took the dependent clause
16:44 and they stuck it to an independent clause . And
16:46 just like we talked about before . If you have
16:48 intro material , it must be followed by a comma
16:53 . So even though the Nazis advanced through Poland comma
16:56 , they did not invade the Soviet Union . That
16:59 is correct now because we've added a comma between our
17:02 intro material and our independent clause , which comes after
17:06 that comma . So here's where it matters . You
17:08 got to know the difference between dependent and independent clauses
17:12 . Then we can see that this one just is
17:14 intro material . We just Atacama call it good .
17:17 Here's a couple more to practice with . All right
17:25 , So just to summarize this and bring it to
17:27 a close , please just remember that if you have
17:29 two independent clauses that air joined together , you may
17:33 have a run on scenario . If you do ,
17:36 we need to correct it . The three easy ways
17:38 are Superman , Aquaman and the Wonder Twins Superman being
17:42 . Take that one run on sentence and split it
17:45 into two , using a period Aquaman being . Take
17:49 that one long run on of two independent clauses and
17:52 put a semi colon between the two . And then
17:55 the Wonder twins being go ahead and use a comma
17:58 and a conjunction between the two independent clauses . Either
18:02 way , we have to first identify independent clauses to
18:07 see if we have stuck these together with something in
18:09 error and then three . If we have , we
18:12 need to correct them . The last warning is ,
18:15 Be careful . You may have just have a dependent
18:18 clause stuck to an independent clause , and if you
18:22 do , that's where you could have that dependent clause
18:25 , followed by a comma leading into your independent clause
18:29 . If it's not dependent and it is something else
18:33 , you have to be aware of what you have
18:34 and then remember the rules to punctuate it . You
18:37 can't just throw commas around . There are rules ,
18:40 so please make sure that you understand the differences in
18:42 the types of causes and phrases , and then how
18:45 they're being used in your particular sentence . You may
18:49 have a run on . You may not . The
18:51 fact remains that run on Zahra a big issue in
18:54 young people's writing way really wanna work to correct those
18:57 get those out of our writing so that we could
18:59 be more clear and communicate more effectively . So hopefully
19:03 this was helpful . As always , Bring in any
19:05 questions you might have . We'll go over those in
19:07 class and we will move forward from there . Thanks
19:10 so much . We'll see you soon .


This longer but engaging tutorial is on how to fix run-on sentences


Run-On Sentences and the Superheroes of Punctuation is a free educational video by WarnerJordanEducation.It helps students in grades 4 practice the following standards L.4.1.F, L.4.2,.

This page not only allows students and teachers view Run-On Sentences and the Superheroes of Punctuation but also find engaging Sample Questions, Apps, Pins, Worksheets, Books related to the following topics.

1. L.4.1.F : Produce complete sentences, recognizing and correcting inappropriate fragments and run-ons.*.





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